- exports its factories in search of cheaper working force
- or promotes the importation of competitive working force without regard to the cultural patterns of the “imported people”
- or uses robotics
- or innovates in search of new products.
It is a process and it is important to understand its movement without disassociating its elements.
This robotization and this use of science as a productive force motivated by the desire to reduce the cost of labor does not, however, inspire the hope that working time will decrease in favor of the time devoted to leisure and culture as it would be desirable.
In addition, facing the global expansion of wage-earning and the labor market, community cultural forms and religions or faiths that ensured the social hegemony of the less developed countries of Africa or Asia collapse and are tempted to move in violence or in theocratic dictatorship for fear of disappearing, this is the case of certain forms of animism, this is the case of Islam for which the freedom of movement and the emancipation of women on the labor market-work is contradictory.
Identity loss does not only affect countries facing migratory flows, it also affects labor-exporting countries.
This massive migration, which goes hand in hand with the decline of ancient cultural forms, throws millions of redundant migrants on the shores of developed continents: a wage crisis is on the horizon.
Here again, the model of urban kibbutz can favor another type of development in developing countries.
And the development of a movement for urban kibbutzim in France will have to consider forms of solidarity with non-developed countries, including requiring equal pay for the same work regardless of where it is performed.